Molecular mechanisms of translation switch on ribosomes in a cell

L. Kalachnyuk

Biotechnology Research Institute of Animal Productivity
S.Z. Gzhytskyi L’viv National Academy of Veterinary Medicine
Pekarska st. 50, L’viv 79010, Ukraine

The tmRNA-binding proteins take important part in molecular mechanisms of translation and translation switch on ribosome in Escherichia coli cell. Formation “tmRNA – tmRNA-binding protein complex” emerges conditions for the attachment of tmRNA to ribosome, where this RNA takes its part in trans-translation as tRNA and mRNA.

Keywords: protein biosynthesis, ribosome, tmRNA-binding protein, mRNA, tRNA, tmRNA, trans-translation process, Escherichia coli.

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