Formicidae as indicator of changes in biotic and abiotic components of ecosystems
Institute of Ecology of the Carpathians of NAS of Ukraine
4, Kozelnytska St., Lviv 79026, Ukraine
On the base of original research and fundamental analysis of literature data on the taxonomic composition and ecological peculiarities of Formicidae, there is made an attempt to identify the most informative parameters of the representatives of this family that can be used as indicators of changes in biotic and abiotic components of ecosystems. These parameters are as follows: change of the dominance of life forms, presence of anthropophobic and anthropophilous species, the number of ant nests of one species in a particular area, spatial distribution of the nests, and structure changes of ant communities.
Keywords: Formicidae, indicators, ecosystem, biotic and abiotic components, indicative parameters