Functional significance of insect pollinators of five species of Gentiana L. in Chornohora massif (Ukrainian Carpathians)
Ivan Franko National University of Lviv
4, Hrushevskyi St., Lviv 79005, Ukraine
The pollinators entomokomplexes of five species of Gentiana L. (Gentiana lutea L., G. acaulis L., G. punctata L., G. laciniata Kit. ex Kanitz., G. asclepiadea L.) in highland of Ukrainian Carpathians were studied during 2008–2011 years. In the result of carried aut researches on isolation of gentian flowers the direct relationship between gentiana and insect pollinators was defined. It was shown that the level of entomophillious pollination is one of the main factors influencing the gentian seeds productivity. Some methods were determined to save and protect insect pollinators.
Keywords: insect pollinators, Gentiana L., Ukrainian Carpathians