The amount and metals content of litter and litterfall in forest ecosystems of the Stryy-Sian Eminence (Ukrainian Carpathians)
V. Rozhak, V. Kozlovskyy
Institute of Ecology of the Carpathians of NAS of Ukraine
4, Kozelnytska St., Lviv 79026, Ukraine
The amount of litter (1.0–2.5 t/ha) and litterfall (0.4–0.8 t/ha) of studied forest stands is in the same range as the Europe forests. The litter and litterfall element content is proportional to whole amount of litter and litterfall, except 30 year old spruce stand, where nutrient content is relatively higher. Litter turnover rates of investigated ecosystems are in range 2–4 for organic matter, 2–10 for Na, Ca, Mg, Cu, Sr, Zn, Mg, Co, Pb, 0.9–2.5 for K, 8–18 for Fe, 12–32 for Mn and 4–40 for Al.
Keywords: litter, litterfall, litter turnover rate, chemical elements