Control of mycotoxins in feeds and their elimination
O. Brezvyn1, V. Otchych2, I. Kotsyumbas1
1State Scientific Research Control Institute of Veterinary Medicinal Products and Feed Additives
11, Donetska St., Lviv 79019, Ukraine
2Ivan Franko National University of Lviv
4, Hrushevskyj St., Lviv 79005, Ukraine
The article presents the results of mycotoxicological tests of feeds for the period of 5 years (2008–2012) that detected that 35–45% of grain feeds were infected by potentially dangerous microscopic fungi of Fusarium Link, Alternaria Nees, Rhizopus Ehrenb., Mucor Fresen., Aspergillus P. Micheli ex Link and Penicillium Link species. The most widespread methods of disintoxication of mycotoxins in the sphere of animal husbandry are based on application of sorbents with infected feed. The level of sorptive capacity of sorbents was studied. It was determined that effective sorbent should be complex and should be able to neutralize the combination of different mycotoxins, the most important criterion of its assessment is the safety for animals.
Keywords: mycotoxicological tests, microscopic fungi, mycotoxins, food stuff, sorbents