The synphytoindication estimation of vegetation of northen macroslope Tatras and surrounding areas
Ya. Didukh, I. Chetvertnykh, A. Boratynski
M.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, NAS of Ukraine
2, Tereshchenkivska St., Kyiv 01601, Ukraine
Institute of Dendrology, Polish Academy of Sciences
5, Parkowa St., 62-035 Kornik, Poland
Synphytoindication estimation of communities of 16 unions belonging to 10 classes of Tatras vegetation from the plains to the nival zone is given, the correlation between the classes, based on the methods of direct and indirect (DCA-analysis) ordination, is presented. The features of the relationship between changing of the leading ecological factors, which differ for mountain ranges and plains, are revealed. Taking into consideration the current trends in climate changes, a shift of the alpine zone upwards in the Tatra Mountains will be observed, and xerophytic grassland communities will be under danger at the plains since they will be overgrown by bushes and trees.
Keywords: Tatras, vegetation, ecological differentiation, synphytoindication